Here are some great exercises to do at home to help relieve your shoulder pain. The most effective is the side-lying external rotation, which activates the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus and teres minor.
Lie on a bench sideways, with the arm next to the side and flexed about 90 degrees at the elbow. Rotate the upper arm, raising the dumbbell towards the ceiling to a 45 degree angle. Keep the elbow flexed, and the upper arm close to the body. Pace at two seconds up and four seconds down. This is an excellent all-around shoulder exercise.
The propped external rotator targets the infraspinatus and teres minor.
Sit perpendicular to the barbell with arm flexed at 90 degrees at the elbow, and the forearm resting parallel on the barbell. Raise the dumbbell up until the forearm points up. Slowly lower the dumbbell and repeat, exercising both arms.
The posterior deltoid also aids in external rotation. Like the posterior deltoid, both the infraspinatus and teres minor also contribute to transverse extension of the shoulder, such as during a bent over row to the chest. They can be trained in this way besides isolating the external rotation action.
The lateral raise with internal rotation (LRIR) primarily targets the supraspinatus.
Grasping a dumbbell in each hand, internally rotate the arms so that the thumbs point towards the floor when extended (as if emptying a drink into a bin). Raise the arms sideways, keeping the thumbs pointing downwards, until the dumbbells are just below the shoulders.This exercise is sometimes called a lateral raise.
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